Raw or Ripe – Mangoes Rock!!!

Summer season spells Mangoes – King of Fruits. India is said to be home to close to 1000 varieties of mango but only a specific few are grown for commercial purposes. Mangoes come in various asahpes, sizes, colors, taste and aroma. India exports close to Rs.160 Crore of mangoes world wide and Andhra Pradesh ranks first among the Indian states for its produce. Some of the varieties specific to certain regions are given below – courtesy APEDA

Andhra Pradesh – Banganapalli, Suvarnarekha, Neelum and Totapuri
Bihar – Bombay Green, Chausa, Dashehari, Fazli, Gulabkhas, Kishen Bhog, Himsagar, Zardalu and Langra
Gujarat – Kesar, Alphonso, Rajapuri, Jamadar, Totapuri, Neelum, Dashehari and Langra
Haryana – Chausa, Dashehari, Langra and Fazli
Himachal Pradesh – Chausa, Dashehari and Langra
Karnataka – Alphonso, Totapuri, Banganapalli, Pairi, Neelum and Mulgoa
Madhya Pradesh – Alphonso, Bombay Green, Dashehari, Fazli, Langra and Neelum
Maharashtra – Alphonso, Kesar and Pairi
Punjab – Chausa, Dashehari and Malda
Rajasthan – Bombay Green, Chausa, Dashehari and Langra
Tamil Nadu -Alphonso, Totapuri, Banganapalli and Neelum
Uttar Pradesh -Bombay Green, Chausa, Dashehari and Langra
West Bengal – Fazli, Gulabkhas, Himsagar, Kishenbhog, Langra and Bombay Green

Raw mangoes are the first to hit the market and are put to a wide variety of culinary uses.

Pickles are hot favorites. The tiny [ marble sized ones] ones are in great demand in the Southern states especially TamilNadu where they are consumed in huge numbers as a pickle called ‘Kadugu Mangai ‘ or ‘ Vadu Maangai’. Here mustard is ground and mixed with salt and chilli powder and the tiny raw mangoes are left to soak in this liquid for weeks together till thery shrink in size.
Slightly bigger ones called the ‘Kili Mooku Mangai’ [ perhaps named so since they resemble the parrot’s beak] are sliced and made into a pickle marinated in salt, chilli powder, asafoetida & oil.
Raw Mangoes of a different variety, distinct for their extremely sour taste, are chopped into chunks and made into a pickle called ‘ Aavakkai’ that is very popular in Tamil Nadu & Andhra Pradesh, especially for their high spice- levels.
Fhodd is another pickle made of raw mangoes and preserved in brine solution to which dried red chillies are added.
Miscut is a famous pickle from Goa. And so is another variety called Choonda.
Raw mangoes are used to make a refreshing and extremely popular drink called Aam Panna.
Raw mangoes can be grated and used to garnish or added to salads as an ingredient.
Down South grated mango is a ‘must-have’ ingredient while making varieties of ‘Sundal’.
Dried raw mango powder is used as Amchur Powder to add flavor to dishes.
Raw Mangoes can be used in making chutneys along with green chillies.
Raw mango pulp can be used in making rice varieties when combined with onions, chillies and ginger to delight the palate.
Raw Mangoes can also be used to make spicy, sweet & sour side jam using jaggery, that can used as accompaniment for both rice and wheat preparations[ like puri and rotis]

Raw or ripe, cooked or uncooked, flavored or plain Mangoes are a hot favorite with people of all ages!

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Quick Fix Chutneys – Spicy Besan Chutney

Generally the term Chutney conjures up images of something ground to a paste to be served as a side dish or accompaniment to some main dish. This dish made of besan is extremely easy to make especially when you are loaded with guests without notice. Serves as a fantastic side dish for both Pooris and Chapatthis.

Ingredients:

Besan – 1 cup
Water – 3 cups
Onion – 1 small, finely chopped
Tomato – 1 small, finely chopped
Green chillies – 4 Turmeric powder – ½ tsp
Mustard – 1 tsp
Urad Dal – 1 tsp
Chilli Powder – ½ tsp
Finely Chopped Ginger – 1 tlbsp
Oil – 2 tlbsp
Curry Leaves
Salt to taste
Half a lime

Method:

 In a pan heat oil and add Mustard seeds. When it splutters add urad dal & green chillies.Saute till the dal is brown.
 Add Onions & turmeric powder and fry till translucent.
 Add chopped tomatoes and sauté for a couple of minutes.
 Mix besan with water to form a smooth batter.
 Add the batter to the tomato + onion mix and mix with a ladle in low flame.
 Add Chilli powder and salt to taste. Stir continuously till it cooks well and the raw smell of besan disappears. Add some water if required.
 The batter with soon turn into a thick paste. Consistency should be like chutney where it can be scooped and placed on a plate.
 Remove from stove. Add lime juice and mix.
 Garnish with curry or coriander leaves.
 Serve it with hot pooris

Tips:
Depending the spice content in the green chillies you can add or reduce the quantity of Chilli powder. But ensure that it is spicy overall
The same with Lime juice. Add according to your taste

By Mrs. Mira Balachandran; mira.balachandran@gmail.com

TIPS FOR BETTER COOKING – PART – II

1.To make dosas easily rub the tawa with an onion cut into two.

2.If the dosa batter gets stuck on to the tawa add salt to a little bit of oil and rub the surface with this mix. You can make the next dosa easily.

3.Immerse lime in hot water for a few minutes before extracting juice to get the maximum juice.

4.For making crisp potato chips, slice and place the potatoes in a white cloth, tie it and drop it in boiling water and immerse for five mins. Remove slices and put them in cold water to which salt has been added. Your chips will be extremely crisp.

5.Want to make crisp Pakodas? Add a bit of ghee and curds seasoned with salt and mix the batter.

6.You can also add powdered ground nuts to the besan batter to make them extra crispy.

7.Adding a pinch of salt to turmeric powder or Chilli powder will help in preserving them longer

8.If you have run short of curds to make curds, you can make use of lime juice.

9.While storing coconuts ensure the ‘kudumi’ portion is upright. It will stay good for a long time.

10.Branches of Goose Berry trees can be cut into 3 – 4 pieces and dropped inside a well with salt water. These branches remove the salt from the well water.

TIPS BY: MRS MIRA BALACHANDRAN; mira.balachandran@gmail.com