Paruppu Thogayal

‘Thogayal’ in Tamil is equivalent to chutney, but in a more solid form and can be likened to a ‘spread’ that is so flavorful when eaten as is or when mixed with something or when had as a side dish. Down South thogayal is generally consumed mixed with plain rice and is one of the easiest dish to make, especially when you have unexpected guests landing up for lunch or dinner at short notice. There are enormous varieties of thogayals and its preparations offers tremendous scope for experimenting.

Given below is the recipe for Paruppu Thogayal – an all time favorite of most – which is considered a delicacy especially when mixed with piping hot rice accompanied by spicy ‘Vetha Kozhambu’. Paruppu in Tamil refers to ‘Dal’ and in this case – Toor Dal.It is an extremely simple yet tasty dish to make.

Paruppu Thogayal

Ingredients:
Toor Dal – 1 cup
Red Chillies – 2
Grated Coconut – 1/4th cup
Salt to taste.
Oil – 1 tlbs

Method:
In a pan heat enough oil and roast the Toor dal along with the chillies till the dal turns a lovely golden brown.
Allow to cool.
Add grated coconut & salt and grind the roasted Toor dal mix to a fine paste adding little bit of water to bring it to a semi solid form.
The thogayal is now ready to be served. It can be mixed with rice or as an accompaniment to dosai & adai.

Tips:

The flavor of the dish depends entirely on how the dal is roasted. Ensure it is roasted to a nice golden brown color.

The dominant flavor here should be of the dal . Hence all other ingredients including coconut & chillies should be mild.

Mambhaza Pulissery

When mangoes are in season they are not spared and are eaten in many forms. Some varieties of mango although sweet are more sour to be consumed directly. These can be used in preparations like Pulissery which is a keralite’s version of the better known Mor Kozhambu. The aroma that arises while preparing this dish is so yummy that your salivary glands tend to over work. The dish has a sweet – sour taste that is amazing and goes well when mixed with plain rice.

Ingredients:

Fully ripe mangoes – 2
Turmeric powder – 1/2 tsp
Green Chillies – 2 or 3 [ depends on the spice levels]
Cumin seeds – 1 tsp
Coriander seeds – 1 tsp [optional]
Curd – 1 1/2 cups
Grated coconut – 1/4 cup
Salt – to taste

For Seasoning:
Coconut oil – 1 Tblsp
Mustard – 1 tsp
Red Chillies – 2
Fenugreek seeds – a few
Curry Leaves – a few

Method:
Peel the shin and cut mangoes into chunks.
If the mangoes are over ripe squeeze the pulp out of the skin too.
Add water in a pan and boil the mango pieces along with turmeric powder.
Grind together grated coconut, green chillies, cumin and coriander seeds to a fine paste.
When the mangoes are tender add the ground paste and let it boil for a few minutes.
Churn the curd into thick buttermilk.
Lower the flame and add the buttermilk along with required salt .
Do not let the mixture boil because it will separate. Just let it absorb a bit of heat and switch off the stove immediately.
Heat the oil and add mustard seeds. When it splutters add the red chillies [ split into two] along with fenugreek seeds & curry leaves and switch off the stove.
Pour over the prepared pulissery.

Tips:
Over ripe mangoes can also be used to prepare pulissery.
Ensure that you squeeze all the juice and pulp out since the sweet juice will only add to the taste.
While seasoning take care to add very little of fenugreek because too much of it will make the dish bitter.
Adding coconut oil for seasoning gives an added flavour to the dish

Raw Mango Chutney

Ingredients:

Raw Mango – 1 cup grated
Green Chillies – 3
Grated Coconut – 1/2 cup
Ginger – a small piece
Mustard – 1 tsp
Urad Dal – 1/2 tsp
Oil – 1 tsp
Salt – as per taste
Curry leaves – a few
Roasted Cumin Powder – 1/2 tsp optional

Method:

Add grated mango, coconut, green chillies, salt and ginger and grind to a smooth paste.
Heat oil and add mustard. When it splutters add Urad dal and wait till turns brown.
Switch off the stove and add curry leaves.
Pour this over the chutney. Mix and serve.
Those who like the taste of roasted cumin powder may add it while grinding to a paste.

Tips:
Grated coconut can be replaced with onions and garlic to give a different taste.
Fry a few small onions in oil along with a few pods of garlic in a pan. Grind with rest of the ingredients as mentioned above.
Number of chillies to be added will vary according to your spice levels.

By: Mrs. Mira Balachandran; mira.balachandran@gmail.com

Mixed Vegetable Chutney

Tired of the usual coconut and tomato chutneys? Running out of ideas? Time to innovate.

Ingredients:

Small Onions – 100 gms
Capsicum – 1 medium
Tomato – 1 big
Grated Radish – 1/3 cup
Garlic – 5 cloves
Red chilies – 2
Green chilies – 2
Tamarind – Small piece
Urad Dal – 1 tlbsp
Mustard – ½ tsp
Oil – 2 tlbsp
Salt to taste

Method:

Heat oil in a pan and add urad dal and the chilies and fry till the dal is brown and roasted.
Add onions + garlic and fry till it is translucent or light brown in color in low heat.
Add capsicum and radish and sauté for two minutes. Add tomatoes and fry for a minute. Keep aside to cool.
Add the fried ingredients to a mixer jar and add tamarind + salt. Grind to a smooth paste.
Heat little bit of oil and add mustard. When it splutters switch off the stove and pour this over the ground chutney.


Tips:

Add or reduce chilies according to your spice requirement
You can add any other vegetable that may be available. But ensure that they blend well in terms of flavor
In case you have raw mango on hand you can substitute it for tamarind. Grate and sauté it with the vegetables

By: Mrs. Mira Balachandran; mira.balachandran@gmail.com

Chow Chow Chutney

This side dish is actually made from the skin of the Chow Chow and has a slightly sweetish taste to it.

Ingredients:
Peeled skin – 1 Chow Chow
Coconut – ¼ cup
Red Chillies – 2
Green Chillies – 1
Mustard – ½ tsp
Urad Dal – 1 tlbsp
Tamarind – a small piece
Oil – 3 tsp
Salt to taste


Method:

Peel and wash the skin of the chow chow.
Heat 1 tsp of oil and add mustard. When it splutters add Urad dal and both chillies.
Fry till the dal becomes roasted. Set aside.
Pour 2 tsp of oil and sauté the peeled skin thoroughly for 2 mins. Let it cool.
Add all ingredients to the mixer container including salt and grind to a smooth paste.
Serves as a side dish or can be mixed with rice and had too.

Tips:

Ensure that the chow chow is tender and does not have thorns on the skin

For any chutney the amount of chillies or tamarind to be added is determined by three factors –
The quantity of the chutney to be ground
The spice level preferred by your family and you
The spice level or intensity of the ingredients used. Some chillies are extremely hot when compared to some others

By Mrs. Mira Balachandran; mira.balachandran@gmail.com